McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Solution One constructor and also has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) cars racing championship. The group is the 2nd oldest active, and second most effective Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Motorists' Championships and eight Fitters' Champions. The team is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest preliminary success remained in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the group to their very first Solution One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Task 4 Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take complete control of the team. This began the team's most successful age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them 7 Motorists' Championships and the team took six Fitters' Champions. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams used the most constant obstacle during this period, the two winning every builders' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had actually relocated to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further championships was available in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title Article source in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, turning over to long period of time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time because 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until at least 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Solution One group Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Championship. Wanting to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, but when group owner Charles Cooper demanded utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce chose to set up his own team to run him and his prospective Formula One teammate Timmy Mayer with customized Cooper cars and trucks.